For those who repeatedly perm, colour, bleach or blow dry their on a higher setting the hair is damaged. In essence hair is damaged by almost everything we do to it. Everyday actions like washing and brushing hair or towel-dry your hair can cause breakage, splitting, frizzing and dryness. Friction and heat are the primary sources of cuticle damage.
Unprotected sun exposure is not only damaging to skin but also to hair. The sun ultraviolet light impacts the cuticle almost the same way as bleaching the hair. Pool chemicals can also be hard on your hair. The chlorine will dry the hair and it will break.We recommend swimmers to use a swim cap or coat your hair with a deep conditioner before diving in.
In completely eliminate damage to your hair. That would mean never washing, brushing, styling, dyeing or permming your hair again. However, you can slow down or reduce the amount of damage that takes place. It's all about how taking care of your hair cuticle.
Damaged hair can't be repaired. The only solution is to wait for new hair to grow out and take better care of it. You can only make your hair look less damaged.
People with damaged hair should use a moisturizing shampoo. It should contain gentle detergent cleansing agents (like Sodium lauryl sulfate/ SLL), conditioning agents (like collagen, protein, silicon, panthenol), water-binding agents (like glycerin and sorbitol) and silicones.
It is still important that you follow up with a leave-in conditioner. Even for other hair types a leave-in conditioner is a great follow-up product.
Products as shampoos, hair spray and hair dye often contain Polyquaternium or poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride). They increase the ease of combing and styling.
Shampoo with conditioner or conditioner should be left in for at least three minutes. Certain ingredients can penetrate the cuticle better when left on longer. It doesn't mean the ingredients will be better able to repair damage of the hair shaft.
Mostly shampoos for damaged hair contain proteins like silk hydrolysate or collagen protein hydrolysate. They cannot be absorbed into the hair shaft, but they coat the outside of the hair, filling in gaps between the cuticles which can protect the hair and add a soft feeling.
Protect your hair's cuticle and use a for you suitable shampoo and/ or conditioner.
Don't wash your hair with water which is too warm. Warm water does more easily dissolve the natural scalp oil and it makes the hairshaft more vulnereable and tends to dry out hair and scalp. Cold water is good for your hair so why not have a final rinse of your lower hair part with cold water (you won't be feeling it!).
Don't wash your hair more than three times a week - daily washing damages the cuticle.