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washing hair   -   shampooing hair


The latest report on the UK hair care market shows that it was stagnant, but niches (f.e. anti-frizz products) thrive. Shampoo remains the key hair care segment, accounting for 43% of all sales.

British hairdressers coined the word shampoo from "champo," a Hindi word meaning to massage or knead. Sebum is the cause of why the hair needs to be washed. Sebum is the thin layer of oily material, which protects the hair. Unfortunately, sebum also acts as a virtual magnet for dirt and residue from hair treatment products that needs to be removed.

Shampoos need to clean the hair roughly and mostly contain specific hair-care ingredients. The main ingredients are the active washing ingredients, the so-called tensides. They make the sebum come loose off the hair so it can be rinsed. The less and softer the tensides the better the effects.

The frequency with which you wash your hair depends on your hair condition. Basically you should wash your hair a few times a week for dry hair and every (other) day for oily hair.

Washing hair too often can irritate the scalp by removing too much of the protective oil (called sebum). Washing hair is also necessary to remove the normal build up of dust and dirt or other substances (like hair spray). If you do choose to wash your hair daily, make sure that you are using a pH-balanced shampoo and only wash it once.

It is said that the scalp will become easily oily if you wash your hair too often. But the contrary is true: If you massage your scalp the sebaceous glands will be pressed out so the scalp won't get oily easily. It does not hurt the hair if you wash it daily in a proper way.

If you wash your hair it is important you massage the shampoo well into the scalp so it will increase healthy circulation and help the hair that's developing in the follicles. You should take more time washing up your scalp than the ends of your hair. The scalp can get oily and can accumulate dead skin cells that need to come off.

Shampoo with conditioner or conditioner should be left in for at least three minutes. Certain ingredients can penetrate the cuticle better when left on longer. It doesn't mean the ingredients will be better able to repair damage of the hair shaft.

To wash your hair take some shampoo in the palm of your hand - run the palms over your head (not down the string of hair). If the shampoo starts to foam, you used too much. Make sure that you wash out all of the shampoo to ensure that residues are gone.

After rinsing shampoo apply some conditioner in one hand and rub palms together to distribute. Apply conditioner from the middle of the hair shaft down to the ends. When your scalp is dry you can also massage conditioner on to the scalp. Rinse thoroughly - gently lift hair to admit the water to reach the scalp.

Don't wash your hair with water which is too warm. Warm water does more easily dissolve the natural scalp oil and it makes the hairshaft more vulnereable and tends to dry out hair and scalp. Cold water is good for your hair so why not have a final rinse of your lower hair part with cold water (you won't be feeling it!).

Dry your hair gently and never brush wet hair - it is better to use a wide-toothed comb.

Styling tip: If you don't have time to wash your hair there are also dry shampoos - powders which remove grease from the hair by soaking it up prior to being combed out.

Children - The battle over washing hair

Water play holds a magnetic attraction for children. But washing hair? Lots of children do not like it from the beginning and cannot get used to it. Once they get shampoo in their eyes or mouth they remember that.

But washing hair? Lots of children do not like it from the beginning and cannot get used to it.

<<< Click here for tips & tricks washing children's hair >>>

Some more tips - general shampoo advice

  • Be careful with too much hair-care: Hairdressers warn that perms and colouring cannot be done on "over processed" hair. Due to the silicones that build up on the hair.
  • Don't wash your hair with water which is too warm. It will dry out your hair - for more information about dry hair <<< click here >>>
  • It is important to use products designed for your particular hair type:

    Damaged or fine hair: Use protein shampoo labeled substantive protein. Shampoo should be more than mildly acidic. Or you can rinse your hair following shampoo with green tea. It will help to restore a smooth cuticle and shine to your hair.

    Dry hair: Panthenol makes the hair more flexible.

    Split ends: Silk- or milk proteines will repair the damaged split ends.

    Dandruff: Keep the scalp as free of oil as possible. Anti-bacterial ingredients such as "Ketoconazole" and "Bifonazole" will help you to control it and some people do outgrow the condition.

    Healthy hair: Regular protein shampoos are recommended. Blondes might try a camomile shampoo, which has mild bleaching properties. Brunettes might use a henna shampoo, which has mild reddening properties.

    Oily hair: Use a herbal shampoo with ingredients like rosemary, nettle, camomile or sage.

    All types: Jojoba based shampoo is successful in treating scalp conditions as well as dissolving sebum buildup. It leaves your hair clean and shining.